Resources for religious interpreting: Native American Spirituality

David Bar-Tzur

Created 23 November 2005, links updated monthly with the help of LinkAlarm.

CDs, DVDs, & videotapes
Interpreting music
Periodicals and articles
Web sites

books on shelfBooks

Clark, W. P. (1982). Indian Sign Language.University of Nebraska Press. ISBN: 0803263090.

Farnell, B. (1995). Do you see what I mean?: Plains Indian sign talk and the embodiment of action. University of Texas Press. ISBN: 0292724802.

Goff Paris, D. & S. K. Wood (eds). (2002). Step into the circle. American Indians, Alaska Natives and First Nations people who are deaf, deaf-blind and hard of hearing are a diverse group. This 8.5" by 11" soft cover book is a tribute to these cultures, with over 100 contributions. Includes photographs, artwork, poems, biographies and autobiographies. The book cover was designed by famed artist Tony Landon McGregor. (Deaf author)

Iron Eyes, C. (1970). Indian talk: Hand signals of the North American Indians. Naturegraph Publishing. ISBN: 0911010823.

Kelly, M., A. M. Schlesinger and F. L. Israel (eds) (1997). Native American talking signs (Looking into the past: Peoples, places, and customs). Chelsea House Publishing (Library). ISBN: 0791046818.

Konstantin, P. Links to Native American sites, introductory page. Click on the various links for books.

Magida, A. (ed) (1999). How to be a perfect stranger: A guide to etiquette in other people's religious ceremonies. Woodstock, VT: Jewish Lights Publishing. Vol. 2, 232-247. [Sections: History and beliefs, The basic service, Holy days and festivals, Life cycle events, Home celebrations.]

Native American bibliography

Olsen, M and B. Carter (illustrator) (1998). Native American Sign Language. Troll Association. ISBN: 0816745099.

Sebeok, T. A. and D. J. Umiker-Sebeok (1978). Aboriginal Sign Languages of the Americas and Australia. Plenum Publishing Corporation. ISBN: 0306310732.

Skelly, M. Amer-Ind gestural code based on universal American Indian hand talk." (out of print)

Tomkins, W. and A. J. Stover (illustrator) (1969). Indian Sign Language. Dover Publications. ISBN: 048622029X.

University of Arkansas Rehabilitation Research and Training Center for Persons who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (RT-31) - Native American Indian.

image of A CDCDs, DVDs, & videotapes. Native American videos.

Index of Native American video resources on the Internet.

Kifaru productions.

Native American index of videos at Buffalo Trails.

Native media - Film and video organizations.

movie of letter being mailedDiscussion groups

[Note: all submissions and responses of a group are sent to it and to you by e-mail on a given topic]


INDIAN-ROOTS-L@LISTSERV.INDIANA.EDU - Native American history and genealogy discussion.

L-Soft. Click on "Search for a mailing list of interest" and search "Native American".

NA-FORUM-L@LISTSERV.INDIANA.EDU - Native Americans discussion.

NAAC@LISTSERV.ARIZONA.EDU - Native American Archives Coalition.

NATAMERLIT-LIST@LISTSERV.ACSU.BUFFALO.EDU - Native American literature-list.

Native American tribes: Information virtually everywhere. Click on "mailing lists".

UANASA-L@LISTSERV.UARK.EDU - Native American Student Association at the University of Arkansas.

A cartoon of 3 people sitting at a table having a conversation People

(1) Consult with Deaf people of a given faith community,

(2) Deaf "missions" to that faith community,

(3) knowledgeable interpreters, and

(4) spiritual leaders.

folded newspapers Periodicals and articles2

Cherokee Messenger.

Indian Country Today. America's largest Indian newspaper.

Miller, K. M. (2003, May) For Cheechakos only: Interpreting Alaskan colloquialisms. VIEWS, 20, 5.

Native media - Journals and newspapers.

organizational meetingOrganizations

Intertribal Deaf Council.

Native American organizations -

Native American organizations.

Native American organizations and urban Indian Centers - Lisa Mitten.

revolving globeWeb sites

Deaf Indians General nations History Plains Indian Sign Language Specific nations

Deaf Indians

Sign dictionary.

Deaf and Native American -

Deaf Native Americans -

Hoffman, L. (2004, June 19). Trilingual in Navajo, American Sign Language, English, interpreter gives Deaf a voice.

Intertribal Deaf Coucil.

JBauder1948. (2008, July 3.) Johnnie Ray - Cry. John Alvin Ray (January 10, 1927 -- February 24, 1990) was an American singer, songwriter, and pianist. Popular for most of the 1950s, Ray has been cited by critics as a major precursor of what would become rock 'n roll, for his jazz and blues-influenced mu Ray was born in Hopewell, Oregon, spending part of his childhood on a farm, eventually moving to Portland, Oregon. Ray was of Native American origin; his great-grandmother was a full-blooded Indian and his great-grandfather was Oregon pioneer George Kirby Gay of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. He became deaf in his right ear at age 13 after an accident during a Boy Scout event, and later performed wearing a hearing aid. Surgery performed in New York in 1958 left him almost completely deaf in both ears, although hearing aids helped his condition.

jj3dartist. (2008, May 6). I am a part of American Indian (Seminoles/Cherokee).signing hands

LZupp. (2007, March 29). The Two Wolves.signing handsA Cherokee Legend about life.

silentredwolf. (2008, July 23).signing hands

golden marble bulletNative American History. Love native americans, rich culture, traditional and value. Who do you trust US government history or Native american History?

golden marble bulletNative American part 2. Painting, native american language.

Storystones. Nothing means more to deaf children than having a friend who can speak their own language. Deaf children "talk" with their hands and "hear" with their eyes. Children love action and adventure and are fascinated with sign language and "secret communication."

Wallace Library at NTID/RIT - Deaf Native Americans.

General nations

Center for World Indigenous Studies.

Konstantin, P. Links to Native American sites, introductory page. Very extensive.

Native American resources - Extensive links.

Native American archive - The Neopagan archive.

Native Americans.

Native Americans - Internet Resources.

Other Native American resources. Lists the official and unofficial tribal sites for many nations!


Griffin, S. Wounded Knee: The end of American Indian resistance. Black Coyote, who accidentally fired the first shot was deaf.

tommyfoley's Videos. Sign Language icon

Plains Indian Sign Language

American Indian signs. Has descriptions of signs.

Comanche Lodge. Native American Sign Language. Has descriptions of signs.

Indian Sign Language.

International bibliography of sign language - Plains Indian Sign Language.

KristinDH. (2007, January 16). John Denver - The Lord's Prayer. Sign Language iconJohn doing The Lord's Prayer in Indian sign language, from his 1982 tour. Webmaster: Interesting explanations of the etymology of these signs.

lesmkelly. (2008, March 2). Just Another Day At The Office. Sign Language iconJimmy Kerr: Spoken Word. Leslie Kelly: Loosely Translated American Indian Sign Language.

Native American "Indian" Sign Language OnLine Dictionary!, Indigenous American Sign Language.

Okiegurl101. (2007, November 17). Napoleon Dynamite Reinvented? Sign Language iconGina Mengwasser celebrates Oklahoma's 100th birday by performing the lord's prayer in sign language.

Plains Indian Sign Language. A Memorial to the Conference, September 4-6, 1930, Browning, Montana.

tommyfoley's Videos. Sign Language icon

tulsatv. (2008, April 1). 1970s KTUL sign-off: Indian sign language. Sign Language iconDick West's "Lord's Prayer" sign language from Channel 8's nightly signoff in the 1970s. It was at the end of Channel 8's day. Dick was a good friend of our family. Mr. Leake got Dick (who at that time was resident artist at Bacone College) to do it. Dick was a tremendous artist. He later went to an Indian college in Kansas, then retired to Ft. Gibson Lake. Some of his paintings can be seen at Gilcrease Museum, at Bacone, and even the Smithsonian. He moved to Arizona to be close to one of his sons, and died a few years ago.

Specific nations

A guide to the Great Sioux Nation. Links.

Alaska Office of History and Archaeology carries out the responsibilities of the State Historic Preservation Offices including statewide historic preservation planning, survey and inventory of historic properties.

Cree hand signals.Sign Language icon

Oneida Indian Nation.